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ふたりの天才 その2(愛知県名古屋市千種区・骨董 買取 古美術 風光舎より)

2021.04.22

 

今日、初めて当ブログをご覧いただく方は、はて?とお思いかと思いますが、本日は「酒井抱一」エピソード第2弾とさせていただきます。

江戸時代を代表するふたりの天才絵師・酒井抱一と葛飾北斎でありますが、同時代を共に江戸で過ごした二人が、重なった道を辿っていったのか否か、気になるところです。(スタッフ I だけでしょうが…笑)

 

江戸琳派の軽妙洒脱な武家絵師・酒井抱一(1761年生まれ)。

(日本美術がお好きな方ならご存じのことと思いますが、『江戸琳派』とは、19世紀前期に江戸で花開いた絵画様式。桃山時代から江戸時代初期に京都で育まれた琳派を受け継ぎ、江戸風にアレンジしたことで大名から庶民まで幅広い人気を博したそうです。)

一方、森羅万象を描いた自称 ”画狂人” 葛飾北斎(1760年生まれ)。

同じ江戸の地にて芸術に人生をかけたという志は同じでも、そのスタイルはそれぞれだったことでしょう。

 

20代までは奔放なライフスタイルで順風満帆だった抱一ですが、寛政2年(1790年)兄の忠以がなくなるとその暮らしも一変したようです。

”甥の忠道(ただひろ)が家督を継ぐことになった酒井家と距離を置き、転居を繰り返して独自の道を模索。37歳で出家し、京都へ向かうなどの迷走が続く。抱一は、この30代の模索の時期に酒井家がかつて庇護していた京都の絵師・尾形光琳が残した作品に巡り合い、その強い影響を受けて自ら絵筆をとるようになった。”

こんな心奪われる体験、これも神さまが天才に授けたひとつの道すじでしょうか。

(尾形光琳の作品に影響を受けたとする芸術家は他にも抱一の弟子・鈴木其一がいます。後に引き継がれていくわけですが、こういう見聞によって、今度は尾形光琳にフューチャーしてみたくなります)

そして40歳になったころ、光琳風の絵画様式(琳派)の名手として知られるようになるのです。

 

一方、同じ年ごろの北斎はというと、狂歌絵本や黄表紙(洒落・滑稽・風刺をおりまぜた江戸時代の絵本・マンガのこと)などの挿絵のほか、美人画や役者絵、肉筆画などに熱心に取り組んでいたものの、その生活は相変わらず苦しかったと伝えられています。

それに比して抱一は、約100年前に尾形光琳が極めた絵画様式を、作品を見て学びとる”私淑” という形で受け継いでいくことを決意。

伝統的なやまと絵をもとにした雅で装飾豊かな琳派的表現と、俳諧などの江戸文化の粋で洒脱、瀟洒な美意識などを融合した「江戸琳派」を確立していったとのことです。

文化12年(1815年)55歳の頃には、光琳百年忌にあたって光琳遺墨展を開催。

それと同時に『光琳百図』前編を刊行したことによって、光琳の作風への思慕をより一層強めていったそうです。

さらに抱一は、11代将軍徳川家斉の父である一橋治済から注文を受け、代表作『夏秋草図屏風』を光琳作『風神雷神図屏風』の裏側に描くことになりました。

長年の思いが実り、実現に至ったという傑作誕生のわけだったのですね。

待望の機会を得た抱一は、地色に銀を用い、俳諧の知識を加え、雷神の裏に雨に濡れた夏草、風神の裏には風になびく秋草を配し、自ら修練してきた光琳よりもリアルな画風で描き上げたといいます。

絵の意味までそろえたというこの最高傑作、どこまでも粋、そして静かだけども情熱が伝わります。

 

その後、抱一は68歳で死去。

そのころの北斎の仕事は読本の挿絵や肉筆美人画、絵手本『北斎漫画』などで、浮世絵の第一人者とは言い難い状態だったようです。

想像するより遅咲きで苦労人だったのですね。

我が道を驀進した天才的浮世絵師の側面を知ることができました。

 

北斎が浮世絵師のトップに上りつめたのは抱一の没後、70歳を過ぎてからのことということで、抱一さん、1歳先輩の全盛期は見られなかったのですね。残念…

しかしふたりは多少の交流があったり、ウワサを聞いたり、お互いに意識していたものがあったんじゃないかと勝手に想像します。

現代では天才と称される人たちも常に順調だったわけではない…地道に努力しないとな、また先人たちに教えていただきました。

私よく思いますが、この何世代も超えた時代で自分たちの作品や人物像がまだまだ、いやむしろスポットを浴びているとはご本人たちは思いもしなかったでしょう。

ご年配になってからの意欲、見せつけてもらってます!芸術作品って素晴らしい!

 

Who is this blog for the first time today? I think that, but today is the second episode of “Sakai Hoitsu”.

Two genius painters, Sakai Hoitsu and Katsushika Hokusai, who represent the Edo period, are wondering if the two who spent the same period together in Edo followed an overlapping path. (Staff I only . lol)

 

Sakai Hoitsu (born 1761), a light and stylish samurai painter of the Edo Rinpa school.

(As anyone who likes Japanese art knows, “Edo Rinpa” is a painting style that blossomed in Edo in the early 19th century. It inherits the Rinpa that was brought up in Kyoto from the Momoyama period to the early Edo period. , It seems that it gained wide popularity from daimyo to ordinary people by arranging it in the Edo style.)

On the other hand, the self-proclaimed “painter” Katsushika Hokusai (born 1760) who drew all things in nature.

Even though they had the same desire to spend their lives in art in the same Edo area, their styles would have been different.

 

Until his twenties, Hoitsu had a free-spirited lifestyle and sailed smoothly, but in 1790, when his brother’s loyalty disappeared, his life seemed to change completely.

“My nephew Tadahiro kept a distance from the Sakai clan, who was to succeed the family, and repeatedly moved to find his own way. He left home at the age of 37 and continued to stray, such as heading to Kyoto. During this period of groping for his thirties, he came across a work left by the Kyoto painter Korin Ogata, who was once protected by the Sakai family, and was strongly influenced by it, and began to take his own paintings. ”

Such a fascinating experience, is this also one of the paths that God has given to geniuses?

(There is another artist who is said to have been influenced by Ogata Korin’s work, Hoitsu’s disciple, Suzuki Kiitsu. It will be taken over later, but based on this observation, I will try to feature Ogata Korin this time. I want to)

At the age of 40, he became known as a master of Korin-style painting style (Rinpa).

 

On the other hand, Hokusai around the same year is used for illustrations such as Kyoka picture books and Kibyoshi (picture books and manga from the Edo period that mix fashion, humor, and satire), as well as bijin-ga, actors’ drawings, and hand-drawn drawings. Although he worked diligently, it is reported that his life was still difficult.

On the other hand, Hoitsu decided to inherit the painting style that Korin Ogata mastered about 100 years ago in the form of “private” to learn by seeing his work.

He said that he established the “Edo Rinpa”, which is a fusion of elegant and decorative Rinpa expression based on traditional Yamato-e, and stylish and elegant aesthetics with the essence of Edo culture such as haiku. is.

At the age of 55 in the 12th year of Bunka (1815), he held the Korin Ink Exhibition on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of Korin.

At the same time, by publishing the first part of “Korin Hyakuzu”, he seems to have further strengthened his longing for Korin’s style.

In addition, Hoitsu received an order from Harusada Hitotsubashi, the father of the 11th Shogun Tokugawa Ienari, and decided to draw his masterpiece “Flowering Plants of Summer and Autumn” on the back of Korin’s “Fujin and Raijinzu”.

It was the birth of a masterpiece that was realized after many years of thought.

Having the long-awaited opportunity, Hoitsu used silver for the ground color, added knowledge of haiku, arranged rain-wet summer grass behind the thunder god, and autumn grass fluttering in the wind behind the wind god, and practiced himself. It is said that he drew it in a more realistic style than Takorin.

This masterpiece, which has the meaning of the picture, is forever stylish and quiet but conveys passion.

 

After that, Hoitsu died at the age of 68.

At that time, Hokusai’s work was illustrations for reading books, beautiful hand-drawn paintings, and the picture model “Hokusai Manga”, and it seems that he was in a state where it was hard to say that he was a leading figure in ukiyo-e.

He was a hard worker because he bloomed later than I imagined.

I was able to learn about the side of a genius ukiyo-e artist who went on my way.

 

Hokusai climbed to the top of the ukiyo-e artist after Hoitsu’s death, after he was 70 years old, so you didn’t see the heyday of Hoitsu-san and his one-year-old senior. Sorry …

However, I imagine that the two of them had some interaction, heard rumors, and had something that they were aware of each other.

People who are called geniuses in modern times are not always doing well . I have to work hard, and his predecessors told me.

As I often think, they would not have thought that their works and figures were still in the spotlight in this age beyond generations.

I’m showing off my motivation since I became older! Works of art are wonderful!

 

 

生活様式の変化とともに、大切なお品を整理されている方もいらっしゃると思います。

風光舎では、古美術品や骨董品の他にも絵画や宝石、趣味のお品など様々なジャンルのものを買受しております。

お片付けをされていて、こういうものでもいいのかしらと迷われているものでも、どうぞお気軽にご相談下さいませ。

 

また風光舎は、出張買取も強化しております。

愛知県内はもちろん、岐阜県・三重県その他の県へも出張いたします。

どんなにご近所の方でもお伺いできますので、まずはお電話お待ちしております。

 

愛知県名古屋市千種区・骨董 買取『古美術 風光舎 名古屋店』

TEL:052-734-8444

 

I think that some people are organizing important items as their lifestyle changes.

At Fukosha, we purchase various genres such as paintings, jewelry, and hobby items in addition to antiques and antiques.

Please feel free to contact us even if you have been tidied up and are wondering if this kind of thing is okay.

 

Fukosha is also strengthening business trip purchases.

We will make business trips not only to Aichi prefecture but also to Gifu prefecture, Mie prefecture and other prefectures.

No matter how close you are, we are looking forward to hearing from you.

 

Chikusa-ku, Nagoya-shi, Aichi, antique purchase “Antique Fukosha Nagoya store”

TEL: 052-734-8444

 

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